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                  The next performance  The ballroom dance band, jitterbug dance band, foxtrot dance band, tango dance band,  waltz dance band, quickstep dance band, swing dance band, rumba dance band, cha cha dance band, salsa dance band, St. bernard’s waltz dance band, Gay gordons dance band, Viennese waltz orchestra. Dance ensemble. Gigs g



reCome dance the night away with     

     Saturday 1st February 2014

                        at

 Loddon & Chedgrave Jubilee Hall

              George Lane, Loddon, Norfolk  NR14 6NB

 

8pm                         Come dancing to the          

                                      QE2 Band

                                 featuring Vocalist                               

                                     Lindsey Ball

 

Lindsey will sing a selection of Ballroom dancing arrangements to songs from Amy Winehouse, Dolly Parton, Caro Emerald, Goyte. Norah Jones and Patsy Cline.

                                9.30pm until 12.00

Dance to music of Bad Manners, The Specials, Madness,

The Beat, UB40 and many Ska classics.

                                       To

                     Norfolk’s fabulous new Ska Band

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Tickets £5

Secure your tickets phone or text Simon Lovick 07920 851787

 



 

                     

             Tel; (01603) 408115    Mob; 0777 615 7474


 11.02.12 Valentine QE2 BAND SETS 1st SET 8pm to 9pm 1) Carpenters medley Quickstep Lindsey 2) Tennesseee Waltz Waltz

3) Sway Cha Cha 4) Rehab jitter/ twist Lindsey 5) Sinatra Foxtrot Medley Foxtrot 6) Someday my Prince Viennese Waltz

 

 

7) Our day will come Rumba l8) That man Quickstep 9) Straighten up & Fly Right Foxtrot 10) Cavatina Waltz 11) Riviera Life Mambo 12) My Funny Valentine Ballad 13) Herb Alpert Samba 14) La Compasita Tango 15) St. Bernard’s Waltz St. Bernard's

 

 

1) Gay Gordons Gay 2) Scottish waltz medley Waltz 3) I left my Heart Foxtrot 4) Valerie Quickstep Lindsey 5) A Night like this Cha 6) Boogie woogie Bugle boy Jive 7) Here you come again Foxtrot 8) Come away with me Waltz Lindsey 9) Mambo No 5 Mambo

 

 

10) Black is Back Foxtrot 11) Compadre Pedro Juan Merengue 12) I just called to say I love you Rumba 1) Lady is a tramp swing jive 2) Blue Lagoon (Desert Island disc) Foxtrot 3) Emily Waltz 4) Never on a Sunday Cha 5) Hot Hot Hot carnival 6) Lady in Red Ballad 7) Vera Lynn Medley Foxtrot ) Long day is over Waltz Lindsey

 

 

                  The ballroom dance band, jitterbug dance band, foxtrot dance band, tango dance band,  waltz dance band, quickstep dance band, swing dance band, rumba dance band, cha cha dance band, salsa dance band, St. bernard’s waltz dance band, Gay gordons dance band, Viennese waltz orchestra. Dance ensemble. Gigs galore.                         . Gigs galore.

 1914 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1914 witnessed the start of World War 1 after the build up of international tension throughout Europe that had occurred during 1914.

 

 

June 28th: Franz Ferdinand assassinated at Sarajevo .

 

 

 July 5th: Wilhelm II of Germany promised Austria-Hungary support if they took action against Serbia.

 

 

 July 25th: Austria-Hungary severed diplomatic ties with Serbia.

 

 

 July 26th: Austria-Hungary ordered a partial mobilisation against Serbia. Britain suggested a conference to settle the ‘Serbian Question’.

 

 

 July 27th: Germany refused the idea of a conference while Russia accepted it.

 

 

 July 28th: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

 

 

 July 29th: Germany refused to confirm adherence to Belgium’s neutrality. Russia asked Germany to put pressure on Austria-Hungary to show restraint while ordering a partial mobilisation herself.

 

 

 July 30th: Germany warned Russia to stop her partial mobilisation. Austro-Hungarian War Production Law introduced.

 

 

 July 31st: Russia ordered a full general mobilisation.

 

 

 August 1st: Germany declared war of Russia. Great Britain and France order a general mobilisation.

 

 

 August 2nd: Germany attacked Luxemburg and demanded a right of transit through Belgium.

 

 

 August 3rd: Germany declared war on France and having implemented the Schlieffen Plan, invaded Belgium.

 

 

 August 4th: Great Britain declared war on Germany. Germany declared war on Belgium. German troops attacked Liege.

 

 

 August 6th: Serbia declared war on Germany. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia. Liege surrendered to the Germans. The British light cruiser ‘HMS Amphion’ was sunk by a mine in the Thames estuary.

 

 

 August 7th: First British troops landed in France.

 

 

 August 8th: Defence of the Realm Act introduced in Great Britain. France captured Mulhouse in Alsace. Department of War Raw Materials was established in Germany.

 

 

 August 11th: Germany recaptured Mulhouse and drove the French out of Alsace.

 

 

 August 12th: Great Britain and France declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 August 17th: The Russian 1st and 2nd armies advanced on East Prussia.

 

 

 August 19th: Serbian forces defeated the Austrians at Jadar River.

 

 

 August 20th: Brussels surrendered. Zeppelins flew over London and nearby ports.

 

 

 August 21st: Germany attacked Namur. Serbian troops forced Austrian troops out of Serbia.

 

 

 August 22nd: A French offensive in the Ardennes was defeated. Hindenburg and Luderndorff arrived Marienburg to take command of the Germany army on the Eastern Front.

 

 

 August 23rd: The British Expeditionary Force started its retreat from Mons. Germany invaded France. The Austrian 1st Army engaged the Russian 4t Army at Krasnik.

 

 

 August 25th: The city of Lille was abandoned by the French. The Russian 4th Army was forced to retreat from Krasnik.

 

 

 August 26th: Start of the Battle of Tannenburg. The Russian 5th Army was defeated at Komarov

 

 

 August 28th: First German attack on Verdun took place but was unsuccessful. The Battle of Heligoland Bight fought. The German Navy lost the cruisers ‘Mainz’, ‘Köln’ and ‘Ariadne’ – all three were sunk by the Royal Navy.

 

 

 August 29th: First checks to the German advance were made at St. Quentin and Guise. The Russian commander at Tannenburg, Samsonov, committed suicide. The Russian 3rd and 8th armies defeated the Austrians near Lemberg.

 

 

 August 30th: Paris bombed by aircraft of the German Air Service.

 

 

 August 31st: Battle of Tannenburg ended – 125,000 Russian troops were taken prisoner.

 

 

 September 2nd: The French government secretly moved to Bordeaux.

 

 

 September 3rd: Lemberg was occupied by the Russians. French aerial reconnaissance spotted gaps in the German advance towards the Marne and informed ground force commanders accordingly.

 

 

 September 5th: Start of the Battle of Ourcq between the French 6th Army and the German 1st

 

 

 September 6th: First Battle of the Marne started.

 

 

 September 7th: German troops advanced on the Masurian Lakes.

 

 

 September 8th: Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia for the second time. “State of War” regulations introduced across the whole of France.

 

 

 September 9th: The advance of the French 5th Army and the BEF resulted in the Germans retreating.

 

 

 September 12th: The Germans re-crossed the River Aisne and set up well-defended positions

 

 

 September 14th: Moltke was dismissed his command and replaced by Falkenhayn. This date marks the first time a radio was used in an aeroplane to direct artillery fire.

 

 

 September 15th: The first use of aerial photography by the Royal Flying Corps to assist ground forces.

 

 

 September 22nd: Start of the Battle of Picardy. U-9 sunk three British cruisers off the Dutch coast. The Royal Flying Corps bombed Zeppelin sheds at Cologne and Düsseldorf.

 

 

 September 26th: Indian troops arrived at Marsailles.

 

 

 September 27th: Start of the Battle of Artois.

 

 

 September 28th: German artillery started to attack forts around Antwerp.

 

 

 October 1st: The French stopped a German breakthrough just to the east of Arras.

 

 

 October 3rd: Belgium started to withdraw her forces from Antwerp.

 

 

 October 4th: German forces reached the Belgian coast. Start of the first combined German/Austrian operation in Poland.

 

 

 October 10th: Antwerp surrendered.

 

 

 October 12th: Lille occupied by German forces.

 

 

 October 15th: Battle for Warsaw started.

 

 

 October 17th: Russian forces saved Warsaw from capture.

 

 

 October 18th: First Battle of Ypres started.

 

 

 October 20th: First recorded sinking of a merchant ship by a U-boat when the ‘Glitra’ was sunk by U-17 off Norway.

 

 

 October 29th: Turkey entered the war on the side of Germany.

 

 

 November 1st: Start of the 3rd Austrian invasion of Serbia. The Battle of Coronel in the Pacific Ocean took place. ‘HMS Monmouth’ and ‘HMS good Hope’ were lost with no survivors.

 

 

 November 4th: Austrians defeated at Jaroslau.

 

 

 November 11th: Start of the second combined German/Austrian advance into Poland.

 

 

 November 18th: Start of the Battle of Lodz – the German advance into Poland was halted by fierce fighting.

 

 

 November 22nd: First Battle of Ypres ended.

 

 

 November 24th: The German XXV Reserve Corps fought their way out of Lodz.

 

 

 December 2nd: Austrians captured Belgrade.

 

 

 December 6th: Serbia defeated an Austria force at Kolubra River. Russian forces withdrew from Lodz.

 

 

 December 8th: Austria suffered a heavy defeat at a battle to the south of Belgrade. Battle of the Falkland Island took place – the German Navy suffered heavy losses with over 1,800 men killed.

 

 

 December 9th: Warsaw bombed by the German Air Service.

 

 

 December 12th: Start of a major Austrian counter-offensive against Serbia

 

 

 December 15th: Serbia regained Belgrade. Austrian forces withdrew across their border.

 

 

 December 16th: Whitby, Scarborough and Hartlepool were bombarded by the German Navy.

 

 

 December 24th/25th: Xmas truce on the frontline.

 

 

1915 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 witnessed a number of major battles in World War One, not least at Gallipoli, Ypres and Loos. 1915 was also the year when poison gas (chlorine) was used for the first time.

 

 

January 8th: Battle of Soissons started.

 

 

 January 14th: Battle of Soissons ended after the Germans launched a successful counter-attack against the French.

 

 

 January 15th: The War Council authorised a naval attack on the Dardanelles. 

 

 

 January 19th: The first Zeppelin raid on Great Britain took place at Great Yarmouth.

 

 

 January 24th: Battle of Dogger Bank between Royal Navy and the German Navy.

 

 

 January 31st: The first recognised use of poison gas took place at Bolimov on the Vistula Front.

 

 

 February 3rd: Unsuccessful attacks on the Suez Canal by the Turks.

 

 

 February 4th: Germany declared the waters around Great Britain to be a ‘war zone’.

 

 

 February 19th: British troops bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles. Small number of Marines landed.

 

 

 February 24th: A decision was taken that if the Navy could not defeat the defenders at the Dardanelles, then the task would be finished by the Army.

 

 

 March 10th: The British Army launched an offensive at Neuve Chapelle.

 

 

 March 13th: Mediterranean Expeditionary Force sailed from Egypt. Battle of Neuve Chapelle was ended.

 

 

 March 18th: An Anglo-French force that involved 16 battleships attacked the Dardanelles but suffered heavy losses.

 

 

 March 22nd: Army and Navy commanders agreed on a joint offensive. Two Zeppelins attacked Paris.

 

 

 April 11th: British forces led by Sir John Nixon repel a Turkish attack on Basra.

 

 

 April 22nd: First use of chlorine gas at the start of the Second Battle of Ypres.

 

 

 April 25th: Allied troops landed at five beaches at Gallipoli and gained a small beachhead at Anzac Cove.

 

 

 April 26th: A secret treaty between the Triple Entente and Italy brought Italy into the war on the side of the Allies.

 

 

 May 1st: First American merchant ship sunk by Germans, the ‘Gulflight’, a tanker, off the Scilly Islands.

 

 

 May 3rd: Italy denounced the Triple Alliance.

 

 

 May 7th: The ‘Lusitania’ was sunk by a German U-boat; 1,201 lives were lost including 128 Americans.

 

 

 May 9th: France launched a Spring Offensive in Artois and advanced towards Vimy Ridge.

 

 

 May 19th: The Turks launched a major attack to force the Allies out of Gallipoli. They suffered heavy casualties. 

 

 

 May 23rd: Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 May 24th: A ceasefire was ordered for Anzac Cove to allow for the dead to be buried. The Austrian Navy bombarded Italian coastal towns and sunk the Italian destroyer ‘Turbine’.

 

 

 May 25th: ‘HMS Triumph’ sunk by U-21 off the Dardanelles. Second Battle of Ypres ended.

 

 

 May 26th: Italy announced that they would blockade Austria.

 

 

 May 27th: ‘HMS Majestic’ sunk by U-21 off the Dardanelles.

 

 

 May 30th: The Italians bombed the Austrians fleet base at Pula.

 

 

 May 31st: The first Zeppelin raid on London took place killing 28 and wounding 60.

 

 

 June 18th: The French Spring Offensive in Artois was ended.

 

 

 June 20th: The Germans launched an offensive in the Meuse-Argonne area.

 

 

 June 23rd: First Battle of Isonzo.

 

 

 July 1st: Central War Industries Committee introduced to Germany and Austria-Hungary to co-ordinate war production.

 

 

 July 7th: First Battle of Isonzo ended with minor Italian victories.

 

 

 July 12th: German coal industry placed under state control.

 

 

 July 13th: The German offensive in Meuse-Argonne came to an end.

 

 

 July 18th: Second Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 August 1st: The start of the ‘Fokker Scourge’ with the Fokker monoplane dominant over the Western Front.

 

 

 August 3rd: Second Battle of Isonzo ended with a total of 90,000 casualties but with minimal territorial gains for the Italians.

 

 

 August 5th: Germany captured Warsaw from the Russians

 

 

 August 6th: Attempted breakout from Anzac Cove to capture nearby heights.

 

 

 August 10th: The Turks recapture lost land and forced the Allies back to Anzac Cove.

 

 

 August 20th: Italy started a sustained bombing campaign against Austrian military targets.

 

 

 August 21st: The 29th Division was ordered to attack Hill 60 and Scimitar Hill. The attack failed with heavy casualties.

 

 

 September 1st: Germany pledged that neutral ships would not be targeted in the sea war.

 

 

 September 5th: Nicholas II of Russia took full control of the Russian Army.

 

 

 September 25th: The British Army used poison gas for the first time at the Battle of Loos.

 

 

 September 26th: Start of Battle of Kut al-Amara.

 

 

 September 28th: End of Battle of Kut al-Amara; British forces defeated the Turks.

 

 

 October 11th: Bulgarian troops attacked Serbia.

 

 

 October 14th: The Battle of Loos came to an end.

 

 

 October 18th: Third Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 November 4th: Third Battle of Isonzo ended with no obvious gains for either side.

 

 

 November 10th: Lord Kitchener visited the Gallipoli front and decided to withdraw ANZAC forces there. Fourth Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 November 25th: The Serbian Army was ordered to retreat through Albania with the German Army in pursuit.

 

 

 November 27th: Very poor weather led to 15,000 troops being evacuated from Anzac Cove for frostbite, trench foot and exposure.

 

 

 December 3rd: Fourth Battle of Isonzo ended with minimal territorial gains for Italy.

 

 

 December 19th: The Allies started the evacuation of Gallipoli. Douglas Haig replaced Sir John French as commander of the BEF.

 

 

1916 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916 witnessed two of the most decisive battles of World War One - at Verdun and the Somme. 1916 is seen as the year when the armies of Britain, France and Germany were bled to death.

 

 

January 1st: Riots in Austria-Hungary forced down the price of grain and flour as set by the government.

 

 

 February 21st: Start of the Battle of Verdun; Germany bombarded French positions for 9 hours and then occupied the first line of French trenches.

 

 

 February 25th: Fort Douaumont, Verdun, was captured by the Germans. Pétain was put in charge of the defence of Verdun.

 

 

 February 21st: Germany informed America that armed merchant ships would be treated in the same manner as cruisers.

 

 

 February 26th: Germany ended her first offensive against Verdun.

 

 

 March 18th: Russia started an offensive against German positions in Vilna. Made limited territorial gains but suffered very heavy casualties.

 

 

 March 24th: British cross-channel steamer ‘Sussex’ was torpedoed with Americans among those lost.

 

 

 April 9th: The Germans launched a major offensive against Le Mort Homme at Verdun but failed to capture it.

 

 

 April 25th: The German Navy bombarded Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.

 

 

 April 29th: British forces surrendered to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia.

 

 

 May 1st: British Summer Time introduced as a “daylight saving” measure. Nivelle appointed commander of the French 2nd Army.

 

 

 May 25th: Universal conscription introduced to Great Britain.

 

 

 May 31st: Battle of Jutland.

 

 

 June 4th: The Brusilov Offensive started.

 

 

 June 7th: French defenders at Fort Vaux, Verdun, surrendered to the Germans.

 

 

 June 8th: The fortification at Thiaumont is taken by the Germans but immediately retaken by the French. During the Battle of Verdun, the fortification changed hands 16 times. 

 

 

 July 10th: Start of the cruise by U-35, which proved the most destructive of the war with 54 ships sunk totalling 90,000 tons.

 

 

 June 22nd: Phosgene gas used at Verdun by the Germans.

 

 

 June 24th: The Allies opened up an artillery barrage along a 25-mile front against German trenches on the Somme.

 

 

 July 1st: Start of the Battle of the Somme. Allied air supremacy was confirmed with 386 Allied fighters pitted against 129 German aircraft.

 

 

 July 7th: British troops made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Mametz Wood, Somme.

 

 

 July 10th: Start of the final German offensive at Verdun.

 

 

 July 19th: Battle of Fromelles started

 

 

 July 20th: The British attacked High Wood, but it was not captured until September 15th.

 

 

 August 27th: Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 August 28th: Falkenhayn was dismissed from his post as commander-in-chief and replaced by Hindenburg. Italy declared war on Germany.

 

 

 August 29th: Under the Hindenburg Programme, Germany was organised for a war economy.

 

 

 September 15th: First en masse use of tanks at the Somme – the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

 

 

 September 20th: The Brusilov Offensive ended.

 

 

 September 26th: The British captured Thiepval in the Somme.

 

 

 October 8th: The German Air Force was created, amalgamating the various units of the German Air Service.

 

 

 October 15th: Mata Hari executed.

 

 

 October 24th: A French offensive captured Fort Douaumont.

 

 

 October 28th: Oswald Boelke was killed in action. Boelke was credited with introducing new tactics that gave the German Air Force greater aerial dominance.

 

 

 November 2nd: Fort Vaux recaptured by the French.

 

 

 November 13th: Beaumont Hamel in the Somme was captured.

 

 

 November 18th: Battle of the Somme ended.

 

 

 December 7th: David Lloyd George became British Prime Minister. The new War Cabinet organised Great Britain for ‘total war’.

 

 

 December 15th: Final French offensive in the Battle of Verdun.

 

 

 December 16th: End of the Battle of Verdun

 

 

1917 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1917 saw the entry of America into World War One, the result of Germany’s use of unrestricted submarine warfare. 1917 also saw the start of the Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres.

 

 

 January 11th: Saboteurs destroyed an ammunition plant in New Jersey.

 

 

 January 19th: The Zimmerman telegram was sent, intercepted by the British and passed on to the Americans.

 

 

 January 22nd: Woodrow Wilson made his “peace without victory” speech to the Senate.

 

 

 January 31st: Germany informed America and other neutrals that she would resume unrestricted submarine warfare

 

 

 February 1st: Germany resumed its unrestricted submarine warfare campaign.

 

 

 February 3rd: The US grain ship “Housatonic” was sunk by a U-boat and Wilson severed diplomatic ties with Germany.

 

 

 February 10th: The first use of the convoy system for British merchant ships taking coal to France.

 

 

 February 25th: The Cunard liner “Laconia” was sunk by a U-boat and four US citizens died. Wilson referred to this as “an overt act”.

 

 

 March 12th: President Wilson ordered the arming of US merchant ships. Russian troops mutinied and joined demonstrators in Petrograd.

 

 

 March 14th: Provisional Government, headed by Prince Lvov, proclaimed in Russia.

 

 

 March 15th: Tsar Nicholas II abdicated.

 

 

 March 20th: Preliminary bombardment for the Arras assault started.

 

 

 April 6th: America declared war on Germany.

 

 

April 16th: France launched the unsuccessful Nivelle Offensive. Lenin returned to Russia from Switzerland.

 

 

 April 17th: First signs of a mutiny in the French Army witnessed at Aisne.

 

 

 April 20th: Nivelle admitted that his offensive had failed in its object but the attacks continued until May 9th.

 

 

 May 2nd: The first US destroyer flotilla arrived at Queenstown, Ireland.

 

 

 May 10th: First use of the convoy system for an Atlantic crossing.

 

 

 May 15th: Pétain replaced Nivelle as French commander-in-chief.

 

 

 May 18th: The Compulsory Service Act was introduced in America.

 

 

 May 19th: Russia’s Provisional Government stated that it would not seek a separate peace settlement with Germany and Austria.

 

 

 May 27th: French troops refused to obey orders as the mutiny spread.

 

 

 June 1st: A whole regiment mutinied at Missy-aux-Bois.

 

 

 June 17th: Gotha bombers bombed London. 158 were killed with 425 wounded. – the worst British civilian casualties of the war.

 

 

 June 25th: The first contingent of US troops landed in France.

 

 

 June 27th: General Edmund Allenby was appointed commander of British forces in Palestine.

 

 

 July 31st: Start of the Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres).

 

 

 August 21st: A Sopwith Pup, launched from the light cruiser ‘Yarmouth’ shot down Zeppelin L23 over the North Sea.

 

 

 September 20th: British 2nd army launched an attacked along the Menin Road.

 

 

 September 26th: British troops launched an attack on Polygon Wood.

 

 

 October 12th: ANZAC forces made limited progress at Passchendaele.

 

 

 October 24th: Start of the Battle of Caporetto, which ended on October 30th.

 

 

 November 6th: Britain launched a major offensive on the Western Front and captured Passchendaele. Lenin took power in Russia with the Bolsheviks in charge of Moscow and Petrograd but not much else.

 

 

 November 20th: Start of the Battle of Cambrai; British used tanks en masse and made significant gains.

 

 

 November 21st: The hospital ship “Britannic” was sunk by a mine in the Eastern Mediterranean; at 47,000 tons the “Britannic” was the largest ship to be sunk by a mine.

 

 

 November 26th: Russia requested an armistice with the Germans.

 

 

 November 30th: A German counter-offensive took back much of the land captured by the Allies.

 

 

 December 4th: Battle of Cambrai ended.

 

 

 December 5th: An armistice was signed between Germany and Russia.

 

 

 December 7th: A squadron of US battleships arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

 

 December 9th: Britain captured Jerusalem from the Turks.

 

 

 December 11th: General Allenby, commander of British forces in Palestine, entered Jerusalem.

 

 

 December 15th: Russia and Germany signed an armistice.

 

 

 December 22nd: Peace talks between Germany and Russia started at Brest-Litovsk.

 

 

1918 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

World War One ended in November 1918. During 1918, two major offensives took place on the Western Front, both based on movement as opposed to the trench mentality of the previous years.

 

 

 January 14th: Great Yarmouth bombarded by the German Navy.

 

 

 January 24th: Russia rejected Lenin’s peace at all costs for Trotsky’s “no war, no peace.”

 

 

 February 1st: Mutiny in the Austrian Navy at Cattaro.

 

 

 February 18th: Germany resumed her war against Russia after the failure to secure a peace settlement.

 

 

 February 24th: Russia accepted Germany’s peace terms.

 

 

 March 3rd: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between Germany and Russia.

 

 

 March 21st: Germany broke through in the Somme at the start of its ‘Spring Offensive’. 65 divisions attacked along a 60-mile front. The German Air Service launched a major campaign against the Royal Flying Corps but it failed.

 

 

 March 23rd: The Germans made major advances using Storm Troops. Paris was hit with long-range artillery. The British 5th Army suffered major losses.

 

 

 March 28th: First signs seen that Germany’s offensive was losing its impetus with the failed attack on Arras.

 

 

 March 29th: Marshal Foch was appointed Allied Commander on the Western Front.

 

 

 April 1st: The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Navy Air Service combined to form the Royal Air Force (RAF)

 

 

 April 4th: The German Spring Offensive (the ‘Michael Offensive) petered out and the line stabilised.

 

 

 April 9th: Germany started an offensive in Flanders.

 

 

 April 21st: The German fighter ace, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the ‘Red Baron’, was killed.

 

 

 April 23rd: An Allied attack on the harbours of Zeebruge and Ostend (to block their use as bases for U-boats) took place but was only partially successful.

 

 

 May 13th: The RAF formed a specific strategic bombing force.

 

 

 May 24th: A British squadron landed at Murmansk.

 

 

 May 30th: German troops reached the River Marne.

 

 

 June 3rd: American forces at Chateau Thierry helped to end the German advance.

 

 

 June 6th: American troops counter-attacked German forces at Belleau Wood.

 

 

 June 25th: Last German troops forced out of Belleau Wood by the Americans.

 

 

 July 9th: Flying ace James McCudden killed in a flying accident.

 

 

 July 15th: Last major German offensive of the war when 52 divisions attacked in the Marne-Reims Offensive.

 

 

 July 31st: British forces took Archangelsk in northern Russia.

 

 

 July 15th: Second Battle of the Marne started, which saw the collapse of the German army on the Western Front.

 

 

 July 26th: Flying ace Edward ‘Mick’ Mannock was killed in action.

 

 

 August 1st: French forces occupied Soissons.

 

 

 August 3rd: Germany completed her withdrawal from the Marne salient.

 

 

 August 8th: The Allies continued their advance against the Germans. The RAF dropped 1,563 bombs and fired 122,150 rounds of ammunition in support of ground forces. This day is known as the “Black Day of the German Army”.

 

 

 August 18th: A British offensive in Flanders began. A French offensive captured Aisne Heights.

 

 

 August 21st: The British renewed their offensive on the Somme.

 

 

 August 22nd: British forces captured Albert.

 

 

 August 28th: Canadian troops broke through the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 August 29th: New Zealand troops occupied Baupanne.

 

 

 September 2nd: Australian forces occupied Péronne. Canadian troops continued their advance past the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 September 12th: 1,476 Allied aircraft supported an US attack at St. Mihiel.

 

 

 September 16th: US forces occupy St. Mihiel.

 

 

 September 19th: Turkish forces collapsed at Megiddo.

 

 

 September 26th: French and American forces started an offensive against German positions at Argonne.

 

 

 September 27th: New British offensive started.

 

 

 September 28th: Fourth Battle of Ypres started.

 

 

 September 29th: Luderndorff asked for an immediate armistice.

 

 

 October 1st: Damascus taken by Australian and Arab forces.

 

 

 October 4th: Germany asked the Allies for an armistice based on Woodrow Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’.

 

 

 October 9th: British troops advanced to the last line of trenches in the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 October 13th: French troops occupied Laon.

 

 

 October 14th: German troops started to abandon the Belgian coastline.

 

 

 October 17th: British troops occupied Lille. Belgian troops reoccupied Ostend.

 

 

 October 19th: Zeebruge occupied by the British.

 

 

 October 24th: Start of the Battle of Vittorio Veneto.

 

 

 October 26th: Luderndorff dismissed by Wilhelm II.

 

 

 October 29th: The German Army experienced mutinies in certain sectors.

 

 

 October 30th: Turkey made peace with the Allies. The Italians captured Vittorio Veneto.

 

 

 November 1st: A major French-US offensive started in the Aisne-Meuse sector.

 

 

 November 3rd: Austria-Hungary signed an armistice with Italy. A mutiny occurred within the High Seas Fleet based at Kiel – generally seen as the spark that caused the German Revolution.

 

 

 November 4th: The poet Wilfred Owen was killed. Start of the final Allied offensive on the Western Front.

 

 

 November 5th: General retreat of German forces along the Meuse started.

 

 

 November 8th: German representatives arrived at Compiègne and are handed the terms of an armistice.

 

 

 November 9th: Wilhelm II of Germany abdicated. Belgian forces occupied Ghent.

 

 

 November 10th: Wilhelm II crossed into the Netherlands after it became clear that the German Army and Navy no longer supported him.

 

 

 November 11th: Germany signed an armistice with the Allies, which came into force at 11.00. World War One ended. 11.02.12 Valentine QE2 BAND SETS 1st SET 8pm to 9pm 1) Carpenters medley Quickstep Lindsey 2) Tennesseee Waltz Waltz

3) Sway Cha Cha 4) Rehab jitter/ twist Lindsey 5) Sinatra Foxtrot Medley Foxtrot 6) Someday my Prince Viennese Waltz

 

 

7) Our day will come Rumba l8) That man Quickstep 9) Straighten up & Fly Right Foxtrot 10) Cavatina Waltz 11) Riviera Life Mambo 12) My Funny Valentine Ballad 13) Herb Alpert Samba 14) La Compasita Tango 15) St. Bernard’s Waltz St. Bernard's

 

 

1) Gay Gordons Gay 2) Scottish waltz medley Waltz 3) I left my Heart Foxtrot 4) Valerie Quickstep Lindsey 5) A Night like this Cha 6) Boogie woogie Bugle boy Jive 7) Here you come again Foxtrot 8) Come away with me Waltz Lindsey 9) Mambo No 5 Mambo

 

 

10) Black is Back Foxtrot 11) Compadre Pedro Juan Merengue 12) I just called to say I love you Rumba 1) Lady is a tramp swing jive 2) Blue Lagoon (Desert Island disc) Foxtrot 3) Emily Waltz 4) Never on a Sunday Cha 5) Hot Hot Hot carnival 6) Lady in Red Ballad 7) Vera Lynn Medley Foxtrot ) Long day is over Waltz Lindsey

 

 

                  The ballroom dance band, jitterbug dance band, foxtrot dance band, tango dance band,  waltz dance band, quickstep dance band, swing dance band, rumba dance band, cha cha dance band, salsa dance band, St. bernard’s waltz dance band, Gay gordons dance band, Viennese waltz orchestra. Dance ensemble. Gigs galore.                         . Gigs galore.

 1914 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1914 witnessed the start of World War 1 after the build up of international tension throughout Europe that had occurred during 1914.

 

 

June 28th: Franz Ferdinand assassinated at Sarajevo .

 

 

 July 5th: Wilhelm II of Germany promised Austria-Hungary support if they took action against Serbia.

 

 

 July 25th: Austria-Hungary severed diplomatic ties with Serbia.

 

 

 July 26th: Austria-Hungary ordered a partial mobilisation against Serbia. Britain suggested a conference to settle the ‘Serbian Question’.

 

 

 July 27th: Germany refused the idea of a conference while Russia accepted it.

 

 

 July 28th: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

 

 

 July 29th: Germany refused to confirm adherence to Belgium’s neutrality. Russia asked Germany to put pressure on Austria-Hungary to show restraint while ordering a partial mobilisation herself.

 

 

 July 30th: Germany warned Russia to stop her partial mobilisation. Austro-Hungarian War Production Law introduced.

 

 

 July 31st: Russia ordered a full general mobilisation.

 

 

 August 1st: Germany declared war of Russia. Great Britain and France order a general mobilisation.

 

 

 August 2nd: Germany attacked Luxemburg and demanded a right of transit through Belgium.

 

 

 August 3rd: Germany declared war on France and having implemented the Schlieffen Plan, invaded Belgium.

 

 

 August 4th: Great Britain declared war on Germany. Germany declared war on Belgium. German troops attacked Liege.

 

 

 August 6th: Serbia declared war on Germany. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia. Liege surrendered to the Germans. The British light cruiser ‘HMS Amphion’ was sunk by a mine in the Thames estuary.

 

 

 August 7th: First British troops landed in France.

 

 

 August 8thDefence of the Realm Act introduced in Great Britain. France captured Mulhouse in Alsace. Department of War Raw Materials was established in Germany.

 

 

 August 11th: Germany recaptured Mulhouse and drove the French out of Alsace.

 

 

 August 12th: Great Britain and France declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 August 17th: The Russian 1st and 2nd armies advanced on East Prussia.

 

 

 August 19th: Serbian forces defeated the Austrians at Jadar River.

 

 

 August 20th: Brussels surrendered. Zeppelins flew over London and nearby ports.

 

 

 August 21st: Germany attacked Namur. Serbian troops forced Austrian troops out of Serbia.

 

 

 August 22nd: A French offensive in the Ardennes was defeated. Hindenburg and Luderndorff arrived Marienburg to take command of the Germany army on the Eastern Front.

 

 

 August 23rd: The British Expeditionary Force started its retreat from Mons. Germany invaded France. The Austrian 1st Army engaged the Russian 4t Army at Krasnik.

 

 

 August 25th: The city of Lille was abandoned by the French. The Russian 4th Army was forced to retreat from Krasnik.

 

 

 August 26th: Start of the Battle of Tannenburg. The Russian 5th Army was defeated at Komarov

 

 

 August 28th: First German attack on Verdun took place but was unsuccessful. The Battle of Heligoland Bight fought. The German Navy lost the cruisers ‘Mainz’, ‘Köln’ and ‘Ariadne’ – all three were sunk by the Royal Navy.

 

 

 August 29th: First checks to the German advance were made at St. Quentin and Guise. The Russian commander at Tannenburg, Samsonov, committed suicide. The Russian 3rd and 8th armies defeated the Austrians near Lemberg.

 

 

 August 30th: Paris bombed by aircraft of the German Air Service.

 

 

 August 31st: Battle of Tannenburg ended – 125,000 Russian troops were taken prisoner.

 

 

 September 2nd: The French government secretly moved to Bordeaux.

 

 

 September 3rd: Lemberg was occupied by the Russians. French aerial reconnaissance spotted gaps in the German advance towards the Marne and informed ground force commanders accordingly.

 

 

 September 5th: Start of the Battle of Ourcq between the French 6th Army and the German 1st

 

 

 September 6thFirst Battle of the Marne started.

 

 

 September 7th: German troops advanced on the Masurian Lakes.

 

 

 September 8th: Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia for the second time. “State of War” regulations introduced across the whole of France.

 

 

 September 9th: The advance of the French 5th Army and the BEF resulted in the Germans retreating.

 

 

 September 12th: The Germans re-crossed the River Aisne and set up well-defended positions

 

 

 September 14th: Moltke was dismissed his command and replaced by Falkenhayn. This date marks the first time a radio was used in an aeroplane to direct artillery fire.

 

 

 September 15th: The first use of aerial photography by the Royal Flying Corps to assist ground forces.

 

 

 September 22nd: Start of the Battle of Picardy. U-9 sunk three British cruisers off the Dutch coast. The Royal Flying Corps bombed Zeppelin sheds at Cologne and Düsseldorf.

 

 

 September 26th: Indian troops arrived at Marsailles.

 

 

 September 27th: Start of the Battle of Artois.

 

 

 September 28th: German artillery started to attack forts around Antwerp.

 

 

 October 1st: The French stopped a German breakthrough just to the east of Arras.

 

 

 October 3rd: Belgium started to withdraw her forces from Antwerp.

 

 

 October 4th: German forces reached the Belgian coast. Start of the first combined German/Austrian operation in Poland.

 

 

 October 10th: Antwerp surrendered.

 

 

 October 12th: Lille occupied by German forces.

 

 

 October 15th: Battle for Warsaw started.

 

 

 October 17th: Russian forces saved Warsaw from capture.

 

 

 October 18thFirst Battle of Ypres started.

 

 

 October 20th: First recorded sinking of a merchant ship by a U-boat when the ‘Glitra’ was sunk by U-17 off Norway.

 

 

 October 29th: Turkey entered the war on the side of Germany.

 

 

 November 1st: Start of the 3rd Austrian invasion of Serbia. The Battle of Coronel in the Pacific Ocean took place. ‘HMS Monmouth’ and ‘HMS good Hope’ were lost with no survivors.

 

 

 November 4th: Austrians defeated at Jaroslau.

 

 

 November 11th: Start of the second combined German/Austrian advance into Poland.

 

 

 November 18th: Start of the Battle of Lodz – the German advance into Poland was halted by fierce fighting.

 

 

 November 22nd: First Battle of Ypres ended.

 

 

 November 24th: The German XXV Reserve Corps fought their way out of Lodz.

 

 

 December 2nd: Austrians captured Belgrade.

 

 

 December 6th: Serbia defeated an Austria force at Kolubra River. Russian forces withdrew from Lodz.

 

 

 December 8th: Austria suffered a heavy defeat at a battle to the south of Belgrade. Battle of the Falkland Island took place – the German Navy suffered heavy losses with over 1,800 men killed.

 

 

 December 9th: Warsaw bombed by the German Air Service.

 

 

 December 12th: Start of a major Austrian counter-offensive against Serbia

 

 

 December 15th: Serbia regained Belgrade. Austrian forces withdrew across their border.

 

 

 December 16th: Whitby, Scarborough and Hartlepool were bombarded by the German Navy.

 

 

 December 24th/25thXmas truce on the frontline.

 

 

1915 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1915 witnessed a number of major battles in World War One, not least at Gallipoli, Ypres and Loos. 1915 was also the year when poison gas (chlorine) was used for the first time.

 

 

January 8th: Battle of Soissons started.

 

 

 January 14th: Battle of Soissons ended after the Germans launched a successful counter-attack against the French.

 

 

 January 15th: The War Council authorised a naval attack on the Dardanelles. 

 

 

 January 19th: The first Zeppelin raid on Great Britain took place at Great Yarmouth.

 

 

 January 24th: Battle of Dogger Bank between Royal Navy and the German Navy.

 

 

 January 31st: The first recognised use of poison gas took place at Bolimov on the Vistula Front.

 

 

 February 3rd: Unsuccessful attacks on the Suez Canal by the Turks.

 

 

 February 4th: Germany declared the waters around Great Britain to be a ‘war zone’.

 

 

 February 19th: British troops bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles. Small number of Marines landed.

 

 

 February 24th: A decision was taken that if the Navy could not defeat the defenders at the Dardanelles, then the task would be finished by the Army.

 

 

 March 10th: The British Army launched an offensive at Neuve Chapelle.

 

 

 March 13th: Mediterranean Expeditionary Force sailed from Egypt. Battle of Neuve Chapelle was ended.

 

 

 March 18th: An Anglo-French force that involved 16 battleships attacked the Dardanelles but suffered heavy losses.

 

 

 March 22nd: Army and Navy commanders agreed on a joint offensive. Two Zeppelins attacked Paris.

 

 

 April 11th: British forces led by Sir John Nixon repel a Turkish attack on Basra.

 

 

 April 22nd: First use of chlorine gas at the start of the Second Battle of Ypres.

 

 

 April 25th: Allied troops landed at five beaches at Gallipoli and gained a small beachhead at Anzac Cove.

 

 

 April 26th: A secret treaty between the Triple Entente and Italy brought Italy into the war on the side of the Allies.

 

 

 May 1st: First American merchant ship sunk by Germans, the ‘Gulflight’, a tanker, off the Scilly Islands.

 

 

 May 3rd: Italy denounced the Triple Alliance.

 

 

 May 7th: The ‘Lusitania’ was sunk by a German U-boat; 1,201 lives were lost including 128 Americans.

 

 

 May 9th: France launched a Spring Offensive in Artois and advanced towards Vimy Ridge.

 

 

 May 19th: The Turks launched a major attack to force the Allies out of Gallipoli. They suffered heavy casualties. 

 

 

 May 23rd: Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 May 24th: A ceasefire was ordered for Anzac Cove to allow for the dead to be buried. The Austrian Navy bombarded Italian coastal towns and sunk the Italian destroyer ‘Turbine’.

 

 

 May 25th: ‘HMS Triumph’ sunk by U-21 off the Dardanelles. Second Battle of Ypres ended.

 

 

 May 26th: Italy announced that they would blockade Austria.

 

 

 May 27th: ‘HMS Majestic’ sunk by U-21 off the Dardanelles.

 

 

 May 30th: The Italians bombed the Austrians fleet base at Pula.

 

 

 May 31st: The first Zeppelin raid on London took place killing 28 and wounding 60.

 

 

 June 18th: The French Spring Offensive in Artois was ended.

 

 

 June 20th: The Germans launched an offensive in the Meuse-Argonne area.

 

 

 June 23rd: First Battle of Isonzo.

 

 

 July 1st: Central War Industries Committee introduced to Germany and Austria-Hungary to co-ordinate war production.

 

 

 July 7th: First Battle of Isonzo ended with minor Italian victories.

 

 

 July 12th: German coal industry placed under state control.

 

 

 July 13th: The German offensive in Meuse-Argonne came to an end.

 

 

 July 18th: Second Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 August 1st: The start of the ‘Fokker Scourge’ with the Fokker monoplane dominant over the Western Front.

 

 

 August 3rd: Second Battle of Isonzo ended with a total of 90,000 casualties but with minimal territorial gains for the Italians.

 

 

 August 5th: Germany captured Warsaw from the Russians

 

 

 August 6th: Attempted breakout from Anzac Cove to capture nearby heights.

 

 

 August 10th: The Turks recapture lost land and forced the Allies back to Anzac Cove.

 

 

 August 20th: Italy started a sustained bombing campaign against Austrian military targets.

 

 

 August 21st: The 29th Division was ordered to attack Hill 60 and Scimitar Hill. The attack failed with heavy casualties.

 

 

 September 1st: Germany pledged that neutral ships would not be targeted in the sea war.

 

 

 September 5thNicholas II of Russia took full control of the Russian Army.

 

 

 September 25th: The British Army used poison gas for the first time at the Battle of Loos.

 

 

 September 26th: Start of Battle of Kut al-Amara.

 

 

 September 28th: End of Battle of Kut al-Amara; British forces defeated the Turks.

 

 

 October 11th: Bulgarian troops attacked Serbia.

 

 

 October 14th: The Battle of Loos came to an end.

 

 

 October 18th: Third Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 November 4th: Third Battle of Isonzo ended with no obvious gains for either side.

 

 

 November 10th: Lord Kitchener visited the Gallipoli front and decided to withdraw ANZAC forces there. Fourth Battle of Isonzo started.

 

 

 November 25th: The Serbian Army was ordered to retreat through Albania with the German Army in pursuit.

 

 

 November 27th: Very poor weather led to 15,000 troops being evacuated from Anzac Cove for frostbite, trench foot and exposure.

 

 

 December 3rd: Fourth Battle of Isonzo ended with minimal territorial gains for Italy.

 

 

 December 19th: The Allies started the evacuation of Gallipoli. Douglas Haig replaced Sir John French as commander of the BEF.

 

 

1916 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1916 witnessed two of the most decisive battles of World War One - at Verdun and the Somme. 1916 is seen as the year when the armies of Britain, France and Germany were bled to death.

 

 

January 1st: Riots in Austria-Hungary forced down the price of grain and flour as set by the government.

 

 

 February 21st: Start of the Battle of Verdun; Germany bombarded French positions for 9 hours and then occupied the first line of French trenches.

 

 

 February 25th: Fort Douaumont, Verdun, was captured by the Germans. Pétain was put in charge of the defence of Verdun.

 

 

 February 21st: Germany informed America that armed merchant ships would be treated in the same manner as cruisers.

 

 

 February 26th: Germany ended her first offensive against Verdun.

 

 

 March 18th: Russia started an offensive against German positions in Vilna. Made limited territorial gains but suffered very heavy casualties.

 

 

 March 24th: British cross-channel steamer ‘Sussex’ was torpedoed with Americans among those lost.

 

 

 April 9th: The Germans launched a major offensive against Le Mort Homme at Verdun but failed to capture it.

 

 

 April 25th: The German Navy bombarded Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.

 

 

 April 29th: British forces surrendered to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia.

 

 

 May 1st: British Summer Time introduced as a “daylight saving” measure. Nivelle appointed commander of the French 2nd Army.

 

 

 May 25th: Universal conscription introduced to Great Britain.

 

 

 May 31stBattle of Jutland.

 

 

 June 4th: The Brusilov Offensive started.

 

 

 June 7th: French defenders at Fort Vaux, Verdun, surrendered to the Germans.

 

 

 June 8th: The fortification at Thiaumont is taken by the Germans but immediately retaken by the French. During the Battle of Verdun, the fortification changed hands 16 times. 

 

 

 July 10th: Start of the cruise by U-35, which proved the most destructive of the war with 54 ships sunk totalling 90,000 tons.

 

 

 June 22ndPhosgene gas used at Verdun by the Germans.

 

 

 June 24th: The Allies opened up an artillery barrage along a 25-mile front against German trenches on the Somme.

 

 

 July 1st: Start of the Battle of the Somme. Allied air supremacy was confirmed with 386 Allied fighters pitted against 129 German aircraft.

 

 

 July 7th: British troops made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Mametz Wood, Somme.

 

 

 July 10th: Start of the final German offensive at Verdun.

 

 

 July 19thBattle of Fromelles started

 

 

 July 20th: The British attacked High Wood, but it was not captured until September 15th.

 

 

 August 27th: Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary.

 

 

 August 28thFalkenhayn was dismissed from his post as commander-in-chief and replaced by Hindenburg. Italy declared war on Germany.

 

 

 August 29th: Under the Hindenburg Programme, Germany was organised for a war economy.

 

 

 September 15th: First en masse use of tanks at the Somme – the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.

 

 

 September 20th: The Brusilov Offensive ended.

 

 

 September 26th: The British captured Thiepval in the Somme.

 

 

 October 8th: The German Air Force was created, amalgamating the various units of the German Air Service.

 

 

 October 15thMata Hari executed.

 

 

 October 24th: A French offensive captured Fort Douaumont.

 

 

 October 28th: Oswald Boelke was killed in action. Boelke was credited with introducing new tactics that gave the German Air Force greater aerial dominance.

 

 

 November 2nd: Fort Vaux recaptured by the French.

 

 

 November 13th: Beaumont Hamel in the Somme was captured.

 

 

 November 18th: Battle of the Somme ended.

 

 

 December 7thDavid Lloyd George became British Prime Minister. The new War Cabinet organised Great Britain for ‘total war’.

 

 

 December 15th: Final French offensive in the Battle of Verdun.

 

 

 December 16th: End of the Battle of Verdun

 

 

1917 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1917 saw the entry of America into World War One, the result of Germany’s use of unrestricted submarine warfare. 1917 also saw the start of the Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres.

 

 

 January 11th: Saboteurs destroyed an ammunition plant in New Jersey.

 

 

 January 19th: The Zimmerman telegram was sent, intercepted by the British and passed on to the Americans.

 

 

 January 22ndWoodrow Wilson made his “peace without victory” speech to the Senate.

 

 

 January 31st: Germany informed America and other neutrals that she would resume unrestricted submarine warfare

 

 

 February 1st: Germany resumed its unrestricted submarine warfare campaign.

 

 

 February 3rd: The US grain ship “Housatonic” was sunk by a U-boat and Wilson severed diplomatic ties with Germany.

 

 

 February 10th: The first use of the convoy system for British merchant ships taking coal to France.

 

 

 February 25th: The Cunard liner “Laconia” was sunk by a U-boat and four US citizens died. Wilson referred to this as “an overt act”.

 

 

 March 12th: President Wilson ordered the arming of US merchant ships. Russian troops mutinied and joined demonstrators in Petrograd.

 

 

 March 14thProvisional Government, headed by Prince Lvov, proclaimed in Russia.

 

 

 March 15th: Tsar Nicholas II abdicated.

 

 

 March 20th: Preliminary bombardment for the Arras assault started.

 

 

 April 6thAmerica declared war on Germany.

 

 

April 16th: France launched the unsuccessful Nivelle OffensiveLenin returned to Russia from Switzerland.

 

 

 April 17th: First signs of a mutiny in the French Army witnessed at Aisne.

 

 

 April 20thNivelle admitted that his offensive had failed in its object but the attacks continued until May 9th.

 

 

 May 2nd: The first US destroyer flotilla arrived at Queenstown, Ireland.

 

 

 May 10th: First use of the convoy system for an Atlantic crossing.

 

 

 May 15thPétain replaced Nivelle as French commander-in-chief.

 

 

 May 18th: The Compulsory Service Act was introduced in America.

 

 

 May 19th: Russia’s Provisional Government stated that it would not seek a separate peace settlement with Germany and Austria.

 

 

 May 27th: French troops refused to obey orders as the mutiny spread.

 

 

 June 1st: A whole regiment mutinied at Missy-aux-Bois.

 

 

 June 17th: Gotha bombers bombed London. 158 were killed with 425 wounded. – the worst British civilian casualties of the war.

 

 

 June 25th: The first contingent of US troops landed in France.

 

 

 June 27th: General Edmund Allenby was appointed commander of British forces in Palestine.

 

 

 July 31st: Start of the Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres).

 

 

 August 21st: A Sopwith Pup, launched from the light cruiser ‘Yarmouth’ shot down Zeppelin L23 over the North Sea.

 

 

 September 20th: British 2nd army launched an attacked along the Menin Road.

 

 

 September 26th: British troops launched an attack on Polygon Wood.

 

 

 October 12th: ANZAC forces made limited progress at Passchendaele.

 

 

 October 24th: Start of the Battle of Caporetto, which ended on October 30th.

 

 

 November 6th: Britain launched a major offensive on the Western Front and captured Passchendaele. Lenin took power in Russia with the Bolsheviks in charge of Moscow and Petrograd but not much else.

 

 

 November 20th: Start of the Battle of Cambrai; British used tanks en masse and made significant gains.

 

 

 November 21st: The hospital ship “Britannic” was sunk by a mine in the Eastern Mediterranean; at 47,000 tons the “Britannic” was the largest ship to be sunk by a mine.

 

 

 November 26thRussia requested an armistice with the Germans.

 

 

 November 30th: A German counter-offensive took back much of the land captured by the Allies.

 

 

 December 4th: Battle of Cambrai ended.

 

 

 December 5th: An armistice was signed between Germany and Russia.

 

 

 December 7th: A squadron of US battleships arrived at Scapa Flow.

 

 

 December 9th: Britain captured Jerusalem from the Turks.

 

 

 December 11th: General Allenby, commander of British forces in Palestine, entered Jerusalem.

 

 

 December 15th: Russia and Germany signed an armistice.

 

 

 December 22nd: Peace talks between Germany and Russia started at Brest-Litovsk.

 

 

1918 and World War One

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

World War One ended in November 1918. During 1918, two major offensives took place on the Western Front, both based on movement as opposed to the trench mentality of the previous years.

 

 

 January 14th: Great Yarmouth bombarded by the German Navy.

 

 

 January 24thRussia rejected Lenin’s peace at all costs for Trotsky’s “no war, no peace.”

 

 

 February 1st: Mutiny in the Austrian Navy at Cattaro.

 

 

 February 18th: Germany resumed her war against Russia after the failure to secure a peace settlement.

 

 

 February 24th: Russia accepted Germany’s peace terms.

 

 

 March 3rdTreaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed between Germany and Russia.

 

 

 March 21st: Germany broke through in the Somme at the start of its ‘Spring Offensive’. 65 divisions attacked along a 60-mile front. The German Air Service launched a major campaign against the Royal Flying Corps but it failed.

 

 

 March 23rd: The Germans made major advances using Storm Troops. Paris was hit with long-range artillery. The British 5th Army suffered major losses.

 

 

 March 28th: First signs seen that Germany’s offensive was losing its impetus with the failed attack on Arras.

 

 

 March 29thMarshal Foch was appointed Allied Commander on the Western Front.

 

 

 April 1st: The Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Navy Air Service combined to form the Royal Air Force (RAF)

 

 

 April 4th: The German Spring Offensive (the ‘Michael Offensive) petered out and the line stabilised.

 

 

 April 9th: Germany started an offensive in Flanders.

 

 

 April 21st: The German fighter ace, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the ‘Red Baron’, was killed.

 

 

 April 23rd: An Allied attack on the harbours of Zeebruge and Ostend (to block their use as bases for U-boats) took place but was only partially successful.

 

 

 May 13th: The RAF formed a specific strategic bombing force.

 

 

 May 24th: A British squadron landed at Murmansk.

 

 

 May 30th: German troops reached the River Marne.

 

 

 June 3rd: American forces at Chateau Thierry helped to end the German advance.

 

 

 June 6th: American troops counter-attacked German forces at Belleau Wood.

 

 

 June 25th: Last German troops forced out of Belleau Wood by the Americans.

 

 

 July 9th: Flying ace James McCudden killed in a flying accident.

 

 

 July 15th: Last major German offensive of the war when 52 divisions attacked in the Marne-Reims Offensive.

 

 

 July 31st: British forces took Archangelsk in northern Russia.

 

 

 July 15th: Second Battle of the Marne started, which saw the collapse of the German army on the Western Front.

 

 

 July 26th: Flying ace Edward ‘Mick’ Mannock was killed in action.

 

 

 August 1st: French forces occupied Soissons.

 

 

 August 3rd: Germany completed her withdrawal from the Marne salient.

 

 

 August 8th: The Allies continued their advance against the Germans. The RAF dropped 1,563 bombs and fired 122,150 rounds of ammunition in support of ground forces. This day is known as the “Black Day of the German Army”.

 

 

 August 18th: A British offensive in Flanders began. A French offensive captured Aisne Heights.

 

 

 August 21st: The British renewed their offensive on the Somme.

 

 

 August 22nd: British forces captured Albert.

 

 

 August 28th: Canadian troops broke through the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 August 29th: New Zealand troops occupied Baupanne.

 

 

 September 2nd: Australian forces occupied Péronne. Canadian troops continued their advance past the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 September 12th: 1,476 Allied aircraft supported an US attack at St. Mihiel.

 

 

 September 16th: US forces occupy St. Mihiel.

 

 

 September 19th: Turkish forces collapsed at Megiddo.

 

 

 September 26th: French and American forces started an offensive against German positions at Argonne.

 

 

 September 27th: New British offensive started.

 

 

 September 28th: Fourth Battle of Ypres started.

 

 

 September 29thLuderndorff asked for an immediate armistice.

 

 

 October 1st: Damascus taken by Australian and Arab forces.

 

 

 October 4th: Germany asked the Allies for an armistice based on Woodrow Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’.

 

 

 October 9th: British troops advanced to the last line of trenches in the Hindenburg Line.

 

 

 October 13th: French troops occupied Laon.

 

 

 October 14th: German troops started to abandon the Belgian coastline.

 

 

 October 17th: British troops occupied Lille. Belgian troops reoccupied Ostend.

 

 

 October 19th: Zeebruge occupied by the British.

 

 

 October 24th: Start of the Battle of Vittorio Veneto.

 

 

 October 26th: Luderndorff dismissed by Wilhelm II.

 

 

 October 29th: The German Army experienced mutinies in certain sectors.

 

 

 October 30th: Turkey made peace with the Allies. The Italians captured Vittorio Veneto.

 

 

 November 1st: A major French-US offensive started in the Aisne-Meuse sector.

 

 

 November 3rd: Austria-Hungary signed an armistice with Italy. A mutiny occurred within the High Seas Fleet based at Kiel – generally seen as the spark that caused the German Revolution.

 

 

 November 4th: The poet Wilfred Owen was killed. Start of the final Allied offensive on the Western Front.

 

 

 November 5th: General retreat of German forces along the Meuse started.

 

 

 November 8th: German representatives arrived at Compiègne and are handed the terms of an armistice.

 

 

 November 9th: Wilhelm II of Germany abdicated. Belgian forces occupied Ghent.

 

 

 November 10th: Wilhelm II crossed into the Netherlands after it became clear that the German Army and Navy no longer supported him.

 

 

 November 11th: Germany signed an armistice with the Allies, which came into force at 11.00. World War One ended. 

 4 years to the day since QE2 departed Southampton on her final cruise.. **

Coronia. *********+ Wroxham rotary, Norwich rotary

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2252580/End-era-QE2-Iconic-cruise-liner-sold-scrap-Chinese-20m.html



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